China Certificate of Origin What An Importer Should Know
Certificate of Origin, also known as C/O or CO, is a shipping document which is used for certification that the products exported are wholly obtained, produced or manufactured in a particular Country.
This shipping paper is intended solely to prove the origin of goods in order to satisfy customs or trade requirements. Now it can be served as:
- Reference for trade statistics
- Evidence of goods inner quality or settlement of exchange
- Important tool for deciding on tariff treatment
Most countries now are applying different customs duty rate upon imported commodities from different countries. In the specific conditions, import countries will provide different tariff treatment according to the C/O. While in some cases, tariff duty rates can make up a large part of the total landed cost.
Certificates of Origin should only be issued when they are actually needed, for example, in the following circumstances:
- To meet customs requirements in the importing process
- The customer/buyer/importer (consignee) requires it
- To meet ‘quota or statistical requirements imposed by the importing country
- To comply with the banking or trade finance requirements ( L/C, letters of credit)
Check with your local Customs authority to see if youll benefit from getting a proper C/O. If yes, request your supplier apply it for you. Its an easy process, and cost free.
Attention: For some countries such as Egypt/Saudi Arabia/Syria, a C/O is a must, no matter whether you can benefit from the duty discount.
A blank template with detailed explanation
China Certificate of Origin Samples
When it comes to imports from China, therere several kinds of C/O between China and different countries, including Form A, Form B, Form E, Form F, Form L, Form N, Form P, Form R.
Certificate of Origin – General
This general one can be used in all the countries of the world. But in most cases, it dose not affect the duty rate.
Form A – “Generalized System of Preferences Certificate of Origin”
Applied to following countries: Britain, France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Luxembourg, Belgium, Ireland, Denmark, Greece, Spain, Portugal, Austria, Sweden, Finland, Poland, Hungary, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Slovenia, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Cyprus, Malta, Bulgaria, Romania, Switzerland, Liechtenstein, Norway, Russia, Belarus, Ukraine, Kazakhstan, Japan, Australia, New Zealand, Canada, and Turkey.
Form B – “Certificate of Origin according to Asia-Pacific Trade Agreement”
Applied to following countries: Bangladesh, India, Laos, South Korea and Sri Lanka.
Form E – “Asean-China Free Trade Area Preferential Tariff Certificate of Origin”
Applied to following countries: Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam.
Form F for China-Chile FTA
Applied to Chile only.
Form L for China – Costa Rica
Applied to Costa Rica only.
Form N for China – New Zealand
Applied to New Zealand only.
Form P for China-Pakistan FTA
Applied to Pakistan only.
Form R for China-Peru FTA
Applied to Peru only.
Questions and Answers
1. What products can get this certification?
All exporting products that follow the ‘Regulation of Place of Origin for Import and Export Commodity in Peoples Republic of China could apply for the General type, which means:
Made in China + Exported from China.
2. Who will handle the application?
Your supplier, whether its a trading company or the real manufacturer. Please note that only company with export license is eligible for filing the application.
3. Who issues the certification in china?
It can be issued by local AQSIQ authority (General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of P.R.C.) or CCPIT (China Council for the Promotion of International Trade).
4. When to apply?
ts better apply for the C/O before the ETD (estimated time of departure), which means 5 days earlier before the shipment departed from China. There will be marked “ISSUED RETROSPECTIVELY” if applied after the ATD (actual time of departure).
5. How long does it take?
The original will be issued in 1~2 working days to the party who filing the application, (and theres no electronic version). The process can start from the day the vessel departs, because most C/Os need the departure time as accurate as possible.
6. Do I need more than 1 C/O if I have several shipments?
1 set of C/O for 1 set of B/L, 2 C/O for 2 B/L, etc… If several shipments with only 1 set of B/L, you just need 1 corresponding C/O.
7. My vendor cant get it done for me. Can you help?
Yes. We can provide China Certificate of Origin service with competitive price. Let us know by submitting our quote page, or dropping a note via right corner in every page.
Please note that all shipping documents from China should be complied with each other, including Bill of Lading, Packing List, Commercial Invoice and Certificate of Origin. Or else youll get trouble in customs clearance at the port or airport.
For example, invoice number on the C/O should be the same with that listed on the Commercial Invoice. And cargo details on the B/L, Packing List, C/O should be the same.